The hawkers or vendors’ have right to carry on hawking has been recognised as a fundamental right under Article 19 (1) (g) of the Constitution. At the same time, the right of the commuters to move freely and use the roads without any impediment is also a fundamental right under Article 19 (1) (d).”..
Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs launched a scheme PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) to empower Street Vendors by not only extending loans to them, but also for their holistic development and economic upliftment. The scheme intends to facilitate collateral free working capital loans of up to INR10,000/- of one-year tenure, to approximately 50 lakh street vendors, to help resume their businesses in the urban areas, including surrounding peri-urban/rural areas.
Street vendors are an important category of informal economy elements with grave issues and challenges affecting their lives . Vending as a profession has been carried out all along in known history and it has been an integral part of both rural and urban cultural design .They cater to the needs of a large number of customers from the middle and lower income class and contribute undoubtedly to the economy. Still, street vending is often looked down as an undesirable mode of earning livelihood carried on by criminals which impinges on the use of public space.
Street vendors are often persecuted, live in uncertainty, and work in poor conditions with little access to infra¬structure. They face problems of eviction, bribe payment, inability to access various government facilities, lack of facilities , lack of social security and other similar hurdles Improving the conditions of work of street vendors and their economic, social and legal status is the duty of the welfare state .
With the new Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014 in place, which is being seen as a landmark legislation there is a ray of hope for improvement in the status of street vendors.
The Act vouches for compulsory registration, issuing license to vendors and formation of town vending committees and most importantly planned vending zones in cities.
Since 5th August, 2019 followed by COVID-19 pandemic the street vendors have been hit the worst.
A possible solution can be adhered to maintain these street vendors at Proper places where no public transport plies
We stress district administration on ensuring proper rehabilitation for street vendors relocated to ease traffic movement at the same time the livelihood of the poor vendors should also be taken care of .
Municipalities should work on identifying appropriate spots where the street vendors could be shifted so that their livelihood will not get affected.
Administration need to balance the means of livelihood of poor street vendors and free flow of traffic in cities and towns .
Freeing the streets for smooth public and traffic movement on roads is necessary so as to rehabilitate the weaker class of society names as street vendors …